COMMON MELUNGEON SURNAMESAdams, Adkins, Allen, Allmond, Ashworth, Barker, Barnes, Bass, Bean, Beckler, Belcher, Bedgood, Bell, Bennet, Berry, Beverly, Biggs, Blankenship, Bolen, Bolling, Bolton, Boone, Bolin/Bowlin, Boulder, Bunch, Bullion, Burton, Butler, Butters, Buxton, Byrd, Campbell, Carrico, Carter, Casteel, Caudill, Chapman, Chavis/Chavises, Clark, Cloud, Coal/Cole, Coffey,Collins/Colins, Coleman, Coles, Colley, Collier, Collins, Collinsworth, Colyer, Cooper, Corman, Counts, Cox, Coxe, Criel, Croston, Crow, Cumba/Cumbo/ Cumbow/ Curry, Custalow, Dalton, Dare, Davis, Denham, Delp, Dennis, Dial, Dooley, Dorton, Doyle,Driggers, Dula, Dye, Dyess, Ely, Epps, Evans, Fields, Freeman, French, Gallagher, Gann, Garland, Gibson/Gipson, Goen/Goings, Goodman, Gorvens, Gowan/Gowins, Graham, Greene, Gwinn, Hale, Hall, Hammond, Harmon, Harris, Harvie/Harvey, Hawkes, Hendricks/Hendrix, Hill, Hillman, Hogge, Holmes, Hopkins, Howe, Hyatt, Jackson, James, Johnson, Jones, Keithe, Kennedy, Kiser, Langston, Laie, Lawson, Locklear, Lopes, Lowry, Lucas, Maddox, Maggard, Major, Male, Maloney, Marion, Marsh, Martin, Mayle, Minard, Miner/Minor, Mizer, Moore, Morley, Moseley, Mozingo, Mullins/Melon, Nash, Nelson, Newman, Niccans, Nichols, Noel, Norris, Orr, Osborne, Oxendine, Page, Paine , Patterson, Perkins, Perry, Phelps, Phipps, Prinders, Polly, Powell, Powers, Pritchard, Pruitt, Ramey/Remy, Rasnick, Reaves/Reeves, Revels, Rice, Richardson, Riddle, Rivers, Roberson, Robertson, Robinson, Russell, Sammons, Sampson, Sawyer, Scott, Sexton, Shavis, Shephard/Shepherd, Shortt, Sizemore, Smiling, Smith, Stallard, Stanley, Steel, Stevens, Stewart, Strothers, Sweatt/Swett, Swindall, Tally, Tacket, Taylor, Thompson, Tipton, Tolliver, Tuppance, Turner, Vanover, Vicars/Viccars, Vickers, Ware, Watts, Weaver, White, Whited, Wilkins, Williamson, Willis, Wilson, Wisby, Wise, Wood, Wright, Wyatt, Wynn.
Interest in this common surname came from its having been borne by several prominent halfblood or wholly white Cherokee chiefs, including Chief John Hellfire Rogers, a trader who was another husband, in addition to Robert Due, Tahlonteskee and Chief John Jolly, of Elizabeth Emory, a descendant of Ludovic GRANT and Elizabeth Tassel. Ludovic Grant, a Scotsman, is thought to be the first high-profile marriage partner of a clanswoman from the Echota Cherokee hierarchy (excepting James Beamour and Quatsi). Our test subject was Tom Rogers, who traced his line back to a John Rogers (1749-1823), husband of an unknown Indian woman. The presence of Peytons in the family tree shows a link with Gen. Sam Houston (Cherokee name Kolanu, or Raven), whose first love in Gallatin, Tennessee was Belle Peyton (her mother, incidentally, was Tihanama). Belle loved Houston but could not tolerate the open wound he had received in his groin from a sharp cane puncture during Jackson’s campaigns in the War of 1812. Houston went into despair, began to drink heavily and turned his back on white society. He joined his foster father Chief John Jolly, formerly of the Long Island, and married Tiana ROGERS in Indian Territory before moving to Texas and settling down with Margaret Moffette Lea of Mobile, with whom he raised a large family.
The interest in this surname derives from the fact that it was the surname of a major chief of the Cherokee Indians—Chief John Bowles, known incongruously as The Bowl (Duwali, in Cherokee). One book about him is Chief Bowles and the Texas Cherokees, by Mary Whatley Clarke. The Bowles family was non-Cherokee, in fact a Maryland settler family. In this respect, Chief Bowles, who won fame by settling the Texas Band of Cherokees in the West and who died at the age of 84 in a war party in 1839, resembles “The Glass,” in actuality a white man named Thomas Glass, of North Carolina. Another Bowles was the adventurer William Augustus Bowles (1763-1805), who became a Creek chief, the inspiration for the title Billy among the Seminoles as well as the foundation of the colorful Billy Bowlegs figure of pirate legends. He published his memoirs in London in 1791. Our BOWLES sample came from Harold Bowles, who traces his ancestry to Chief Bowles, who was born about 1746 and died July 16, 1839. Bowles married three or more women, all Cherokee, including Jennie Due, the daughter of Robert Due and Elizabeth Emory; Oo-ti-yu VANN, and Oo-lootsa, daughter of Tah-chee, half-brother to Sequoyah.
According to Emmett Starr, John Bowles was the son of a Scots trader and Cherokee woman. His father was killed and robbed by two North Carolinians while on his way home from Charlestown when the son was only 12 years old. Within the next two years, the fair-complexioned, auburn haired boy had killed both his father’s slayers. Bowles’s story strongly echoes that of John WATTS, another red-headed, fair complexioned Cherokee halfblooded chief of the time.
We theorize that the deep blue eyes combined with a rather dark or olive complexion found among many Melungeon and families, is the genetic signature of the Goths. Portions of this population converted to Judaism as early as the Narbonne kingdom and Visigothic rule in Spain. Charlemagne’s mother was a Jewess who came from the duchy of Toulouse, a later successor state to Theodoric the Great’s settlement in Provence governed by a namesake who was from a gaonic family from Babylonia. The earliest Jewish COOPER can probably be placed in Carolingian times; the trail leads again to Speyer as some Cooper families also have the surname Shapiro/Shaeffer and the like.
The family evidently came over to England from France with William the Conqueror and branches of it contained to practice Judaism in an underground fashion with the expulsion of the Jews by Edward I in 1290. In America, remembering their Jewish roots, Coopers married with openly Sephardic families like the GISTS, French Huguenots, other English crypto-Jews, Scottish crypto-Jews and American Indians.
Four people have been charged after authorities discovered that dozens of bodies had been dug up at the historic Burr Oak Cemetery in Alsip and the grave sites illegally resold.
Each was charged with one count of dismembering a human body, a Class X felony. They were identified as Carolyn Towns, 49, Keith Nicks, 45, and Terrence Nicks, 39, all of Chicago, and Maurice Dailey, 59, of Robbins. They will appear in Central Bond Court at 11:45 a.m.
Detectives discovered a pile of bones — from more than 100 bodies — decomposed, above ground and uncovered in an overgrown, fenced-off portion of the cemetery, Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart said.
In addition, bodies apparently were double-buried in already existing plots, Dart told WGN-AM 720 this morning. Dozens of FBI agents are expected in Chicago early next week to help sift through the evidence at the cemetery, Dart said.
The disinterred graves appeared to be older, neglected ones, Dart said. “They specifically looked to older graves, where there might not be someone coming out there every week,” he said.
One of the first predominantly African-American cemeteries in the area, Burr Oak is home to many historic figures, including Emmett Till, blues legend Dinah Washington and heavyweight boxing champion Ezzard Charles.
Dart said he was certain Till’s remains were not disturbed, but he could not ensure the preservation of the others.
This morning, a large crowd converged on the cemetery, most of them African-American, saying they wanted to find out if their loved ones’ remains had been moved. The families expressed outrage, disgust and discouragement.
Dart said this morning that none of the cemetery’s workers had come to work today, so the sheriff’s office is aiding residents walk through the plots.
“This is just heartbreaking. The people I have talked to have made me want to cry,” Dart said. “The sense of violation is horrible.”
“Some people come back from the grave site and it’s not what it’s supposed to be and I don’t know what to tell them,” he said.
He believes the alleged scheme has been going on for about four years.
Wednesday, June 03, 2009
DNA test to discover Tutankhamun’s parentage?
Egyptian researchers are using DNA tests to discover the lineage of pharaoh king Tutankhamun, whose ancestry remains a mystery to Egyptologists, antiquities chief Zahi Hawass said on Monday.
The young king, whose mummy was found in a gold and turquoise sarcophagus by English archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922, ruled Egypt between 1333 and 1324 BC.
His ancestry has been as much a source of speculation as his abrupt end.
“Until now, we don’t know who his father was. Was it Akhenaten or Amenhotep III,” Hawass told reporters at a press conference.
The antiquities chief said the testing would be done with help from experts at Cairo University’s faculty of medicine and would also include X-raying and the reconstruction of possible relatives’ features.
The testing will mostly be done in the Valley of the Kings in Upper Egypt, where pharaonic royalty was mummified, Hawass said.
Egypt’s antiquities council opposed previous efforts to test the mummies because they were undertaken by “foreigners” and the tests were to be done in laboratories “not specialising in mummies,” he said.
The result will be announced in February, he said.